什么是网络谣言,你知道吗?

在这个全民自媒体时代,每个人都拥有发言的权利,然而,也滋生了大量的造谣者,他们随意在网上发布虚假信息,通过以偏概全、无中生有、颠倒黑白、偷换概念、混淆时态等方式达到以假乱真的目的。那么什么是网络谣言?网络谣言的形式有哪些?网上散布谣言会受到什么处罚呢? 什么是“网络谣言”? “网络谣言”是指通过网络介质(例如微博、国外网站、网络论坛、社交网站、聊天软件等)而传播的谣言没有事实依据带有攻击性,目的性的话语,主要涉及突发事件、公共领域、政治人物、颠覆传统、离经叛道等内容。 随着互联网技术的革新,网络谣言依附于新媒体进行传播产生了许多新特点,这些特点具有与传统谣言完全不同的特性,如匿名性、群体传播、传播效率高、传播生命周期短、信息重组、再造事实可信度高等。 “网络谣言”的类别及表现形式 1.网络犯罪谣言 这类谣言一般是捏造一些骇人听闻或令人发指的犯罪信息,引起公众愤怒、恐惧,引发公众对政府、政府工作人员或某些群体的不满,同时也影响当事人的声誉,扰乱他们的正常生活。 2.网络恐怖谣言 这类谣言一般是虚构恐怖信息或危害公众安全事件信息,引发公众恐慌,扰乱社会秩序,引起公众对政府管理的不满,影响社会稳定。 3.网络灾害谣言 捏造某种灾害即将发生的信息,或者捏造、夸大已发生灾害的危害性信息,引起公众恐慌,扰乱社会秩序和经济秩序。 4.网络个人事件谣言 网络个人事件谣言针对某些个人特别是名人而编造吸引眼球的虚假信息,侵害当事人隐私,给当事人造成负面影响甚至经济损失。 “网络谣言”有哪些危害? 1. 引发社会震荡,危害公共安全,损害公众利益。由于网络谣言的传播速度快,范围广,一旦一些危言耸听的谣言形成了一定规模,就会造成不良影响,引起广大网民的慌乱,从而造成社会的不稳定。 2. 扰乱人们的思想、心理和行为。人们经常为了一个虚假的谣言而表现出种种不适当的行为,尤其是面对有关自己切身利益的谣传,人们就更加失去理智、判断力,从内心深处觉得这就是真的,一传十,十传百,到最后,弄得人心惶惶。 3. 网络谣言误导社会舆论。流言、谣言似是而非,混淆了人们的视野,导致了人们对社会主流意识形态的离心离德,污染了网络舆论环境,一些青少年社会经验不足,分辨能力、自控能力较弱,面对网络谣言,可能会对社会、对未来产生消极情绪,从而玩物丧志,放弃精神追求和事业进取。

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